Hours of Operation
Visitor Center: 9am to 4:30pm Central Standard Time
Tour Road: 8am to 5pm Central Standard Time
Horseshoe Bend NMP is open every day except Thanksgiving Day, Christmas Day and New Years Day.
The park boat ramp is open from dawn to dusk daily.
Free! There are no entrance or user fees at Horseshoe Bend National Military Park. A donation box is available in the main Visitor Center. These donations are used to support our special events and school outreach programs.
Interested in bringing an organized group or classroom to Horseshoe Bend NMP? Go to our section For Teachers if you are planning an onsite visit for students, scouts, and similar youth groups. If you have another type of group such as a civic or military organization, staff may be available for a special demonstration or tour with sufficient advance notice. Typically, we require at least two weeks notice to schedule special request programs if we have sufficient staff available. Please contact us at 256-234-7111 and be prepared to provide us with your group name, purpose for the visit, group size, at least two proposed visit dates, and an anticipated time of arrival.
Horseshoe Bend NMP has picnic shelters available near the Visitor Center on a first come, first served basis. Reservations are not accepted. Picnic tables are also located at the Highway 49 Boat Ramp at Miller Bridge.
A Special Use Permit may be required for certain activities, typically those involving large numbers of people. Please email or call 256-234-7111 for more information.
History of Park
Authorized in 1956, Horseshoe Bend National Military Park was officially established as a unit of the National Park Service on August 11, 1959 by Presidential Proclamation. The park was established to commemorate the last major battle of the Creek Indian War (1813-1814) which took place within a horseshoe-shaped bend of the Tallapoosa River in what is now Tallapoosa County, Alabama. The Creek Indian War consisted of 17 battles with the final and most significant battle fought at Horseshoe Bend on March 27, 1814. In this battle 3,300 frontier troops and Indian allies under the command of Andrew Jackson defeated 1,000 Creek warriors who had fortified themselves behind a seemingly impregnable log barricade. More than 800 Creek Indians were killed, ending for all time the military power of the Creek Nation.
The key points to the Horseshoe Bend story are:
The primary significance statements for Horseshoe Bend National Military Park are summarized as:
The park is located in east central Alabama, approximately fifteen miles from the town of Dadeville. Alabama State Route 49 passes through the park and carries commuters, industrial traffic such as logging trucks, and park visitors. Park traffic counters placed on Highway 49 tally over one million people passing through the park each year on this heavily travelled, two lane road. The park is approximately 40 miles from Auburn, Alabama (home of Auburn University), 60 miles from Montgomery, Alabama (state capital), 80 miles from Birmingham, and 100 miles from Atlanta (Southeast Regional Office of the National Park Service.) Horseshoe Bend is located in the Central Time Zone and the 256 area code.
The park is situated in Tallapoosa County and works most closely with the communities of Alexander City, Dadeville, New Site, and Daviston. Approximately 4300 people live within 15 miles of the park boundaries. Horseshoe Bend is within the Third Congressional District of Alabama.
Acreage and Resources
Horseshoe Bend National Military Park consists of 2040 acres including approximately 500 acres of historic battlefield, 3 miles of river (Tallapoosa River), and the remainder forested primarily with second growth mix stand of vegetation typical to the southern Piedmont region. Other critical resources include:
Other than the 1.0 million travelers on Highway 49 each year, visitation to use resources provided by the NPS at Horseshoe Bend National Military Park are:
Budget and Staffing
The anticipated budget for fiscal year 2008 is $785,000. This is a 17% increase in budget over the past five years. (2003 budget was $669,000). These budget increases were primarily annual Congressional increases to all parks to cover cost of living adjustments and increases. Park staffing is currently 10 permanent, full time employees. In years when a permanent position is vacant, the park uses the dollars to hire temporary employees to insure visitor and employee safety while providing for consistent resource protection. The park has received an increase in staffing of only two permanent full time positions in the last 15 years.
To supplement the minimal park staff, each year a crew of two to three Youth Conservation Corps employees are recruited from local high schools using special project funding provided by the NPS YCC funds. Additionally, over 3000 hours of volunteer time is logged by the park’s volunteer Horseshoe Bend Militia, a group of gentlemen trained in black powder weapons safety who wear period uniforms and present military demonstrations to the public on a regular basis. These 3000 hours translate to $53,000 savings to the park in salaries (at FY07 volunteer hourly value of $17.50 per hour). The park receives only $1000 each year from the NPS Volunteer Program to support volunteers. A